India set to join Martian club
India on Wednesday became the first country to successfully put a spacecraft around Mars in its first attempt. The ambitious Rs. 460 crore Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), launched on November 5 last year, had a perfect Mars Orbit Insertion (MOI) to get captured into the Mars orbit.
The Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) and the eight small thrusters on board India’s orbiter to Mars ignited on time at 7.17 a.m. The spacecraft’s velocity was slowed down 1.09 metres per second against the targeted 1.1 metres per second. At the end of the burn-time of 24 minutes, the spacecraft was inserted into the Martian orbit.
Who else have sent mission to mars?
Five other organizations have tried.US, Europe, Russia have succeeded in some missions. China and Japan have failed in their lone missions.
What impact will it have on our lives?
Within a decade, we could learn enough to take people safely to there. Colonising Mars is a long term plan.
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